This is a medical specialty responsible for studying the vessels composing the circulatory and lymphatic systems, including the vasculature components, such as veins, arteries, capillaries and lymph vessels. It also studies the diseases associated with these systems.



  • Chronic venous insufficiency is characterized by congestion and pooling of blood, chronic leg swelling, darkening or lightning pigmentation of the skin, due to the progressive increments in venous pressure and the appearance of ulcerations in the lower extremities, known as venous stasis ulcers.
  • Deep vein thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot in a vein located deep within the tissue. This condition is more common in lower extremities but can also occur in upper extremities, as well as in lower extremities.
  • Superficial vein thrombosis or thrombophlebitis is the formation of a blood clot in a vein near the skin surface.
  • Varicose veins are abnormal blood vessels and are found dilated due to a weak vessel walls.
  •  Venous stasis ulcers are open wounds that do not heal and tend to reopen easily.



Dr. Vázquez Pacheco Francisco


Translated by: Dr. Betsy Cervantes Coronado