This specialty covers surgical procedures involving the gastrointestinal tract, biliary system, spleen, pancreas, liver, rectum and mammary glands, as well as abdominal hernias. It may also include surgical treatment of the thyroid and related glands, non-cardiovascular thoracic surgery. These surgical areas do not require a specialist per se, a general surgeon may perform these surgical procedures, but this varies by country. In some countries, general surgery is considered one type of specialty and a super specialization is understood by the branching of the different surgical specialties. General surgery requires a great deal of knowledge in clinical as well as procedural theory.
The majority of surgical procedures in general surgery require similar instruments, with the exception of procedures involving the rectum, mammary glands, thyroid and lungs, which require special instruments.
Plastic surgery is the surgical specialty which seeks to reconstruct deformities and correct functional deficiencies through the transformation of the human body. The goal is for a patient, who may have been born with a birth defect or suffered a disfiguring accident, to regain a degree of normality physically and functionally. This also allows to bring an aesthetic aspect. Plastic surgery has been further divided into Reconstructive or Reparative Surgery and Aesthetic or Cosmetic Surgery.
Surgical Gastroenterology is the surgical specialty that treats digestive system diseases.
A surgical gastroenterologist is capable to preform surgical procedures for varios digestive system diseases, involving:
- Small intestine
- Colon and rectum
- Gall Bladder and Biliary tract
- Hiatal Hernia
- Abdominal Hernia
- Inguinal Hernia
- Digestive Tract Cancer
A surgeon’s quality is based on his/her training (academic background), experience, and surgical outcomes. A surgeon must be recognized by the Consejo Mexicano de Gastroenterologia (Mexican Council of Gastroenterology) and have a valid license that accredits him/her as a surgeon.
Types of procedures:
- AESOP ® Robotic Surgery
- Coming soon, Natural Orifice transluminal endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) and Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS)
- Dr. Torres Garcia Hector Fernando
- Dr. Sanchez Brito Luis Gonzaga Gerardo
- Dr. Salgado Sanchez Ernesto
- Dr. Abascal Arias Alvaro
Translated by: Dr. Betsy Cervantes Coronado